A large mode 1 pebble tool on a flint nodule. Height 3 3/4". Excellent condition, legal shore find from Reculver, Kent, England. Soft sea patina. Very basic chopper/crusher, probably Heidelberg Man. Dates to approximately 500,000 BCE.
Probably Homo Ergaster ("workman"). Jasper, El Mrayer, Mauritania, length 5 1/2". In excellent condition with some crystal growth. Nice semi-glossy to glossy desert patina, irregular to both sides, indicating that it was probably wedged in somewhere and was more windblown on one side. Approx. 1.4 million BCE.
Beautiful, large Neanderthal multi-tool from Fontmaure, France. Jasper, height 3 3/4". Flawless condition, legal surface find, soft ground patina. Though a large flake tool, this particular lithic resembles in form and multiple functions a sort of modified axe. Descending from the burin tip on the distal end are two scraper edges, one a very masterfully retouched denticulate edge with a notch. This would seem, judging by the ergonomics, to have been made for a left hander...
Excellent example of a Lower Paleolithic Mode 1 Oldowan tool. Jasper, excellent condition with a fine, glossy ground patina. Legal surface find from the confluence of the Wornitz and Rhine rivers. Height 2 3/4". Hard hammer percussion, very sculptural and clearly defined lithic. Dates to approx. 450,000-350,000 BCE.
5 Neanderthal tools on flakes. These came from the Wady el Amud caves, Tabgha, Galilee, from a 1926 archaeological expedition. Chert, heights between 2 3/8" and 3 1/4". All in excellent condition. Interesting variety of scrapers/blades and a burin (second from right). From the collection of John and Marcia Friede, well known for their spectacular collection of Oceanic Art (see: Jolika Collection, DeYoung Museum).
An exceptional, large Neanderthal discoid scraper. Flint, in excellent condition. Height 4 3/8". Legal surface find from Grand-Pressigny, France. This particular lithic could be considered either a discoid scraper or an irregular partial biface axe. Continuous flaking around the edge, with a slight point at the distal end indicating that it may have been used as a cleaver as well. It also has an ingenious ergonomic structure imparting greater force when used as a striking tool...
A large and unusual Neanderthal cleaver on a core from Fontmaure, France. Jasper, in excellent condition with a semi-glossy ground patina. Height 4 3/4". Legal surface find. This lithic is meticulously flaked over nearly its entire surface in such a way as to indicate that it was originally a flake core. It was later refined into a large cleaver, with a flat area removed at the proximal end, giving a solid ergonomic structure to the tool as a whole...
A large Mode 1, hard hammer pebble tool from Bussay, France. Flint with primarily cortex surface. Nice, thick glossy patination and mineral accumulation on the flaked areas. Three small chips missing. 6 1/8" x 3 5/8". Legal surface find. This lithic was created with two massive hard hammer percussion blows, creating a basic chopping tool with a fairly sharp edge (still!). Ergonomically very well designed using the natural shape of the pebble, but obviously for a very large hand...
Lovely and large Neolithic "willow" blade from the Sahara region, probably Algeria. Flint, height 3 3/8", flawless condition. Bifacially worked. Purchased at auction and I have no collection data on it. Probably dates to 3500-2500 BCE.
A group of 3 small, Native American Paleolithic cores from the Lima Lake bottomland, NW Adams County, Illinois. Chert, heights between 1 1/4" and 1 3/4". Part of a large group of artifacts purchased at auction in provenance from one ancient camp site. All three are asymmetric flake cores, with fine, luminous colors due to being buried in a rich, organic soil for centuries. Dating to approximately 8000-1000 BCE.
Solid and heavy Neanderthal cleaver or crusher. Flint, excellent condition. Height 5 3/8". Legal excavation find from Bavaria, Germany. Given the size and very direct, simple hard hammer percussion used to make this tool, I think this could be either an early Neanderthal piece, possibly one made "in the field" for a specific usage, or it might have been made by Heidelberg Man. The ergonomics, while not absolutely definitive, would suggest this was made for a very large hand...
Large Neanderthal scraper on a Levallois flake. Flint, height 3 1/2". Grand-Pressigny, France. Legal surface find from a dried river bed. Missing one small chip at the proximal end, otherwise in excellent condition with a luminous river patina. Both edges are convex scrapers and exhibit fine retouches along the entire edge. Dates to approximately 80,000-50,000 BCE.
Probably Homo Habilis ("handyman"). Ignimbrite, 2 1/8". Mauritania, probably El Mrayer region. Excellent and intact condition, glossy desert patina. There is constant disagreement as to dates of Habilis, and if what we consider Habilis was in fact a single species. Dates to approx. 1.9 million BC.
3 larger, eccentric Neanderthal multi-tools from Fontmaure, France. Jasper, heights between 2 1/2" and 4". From an old Dutch collection purchased at auction. Three stunning tools, each with a variety of worked edges and multiple functioning tools. All with a beautiful patina and in excellent condition with no modern damage. Fine examples both of Neanderthal tool making and the gorgeous jasper from Fontmaure. All date to approximately 80,000-50,000 BCE.
A large Mode 1 pebble tool on a flint nodule from Grand Pressigny, France. Excellent condition with a primarily cortex surface and a lovely, glossy ground patina on the exposed flint. 4 1/8"x 4". Legal find from a dried river channel. A straightforward hard hammer percussion technique (stone on stone) was used to make this pebble tool. Signs of use/wear along the edges of the exposed flint. Made by Heidelberg Man. Dates to 650,000 BCE.
2 beautiful Neanderthal discoid scrapers on flakes. Jasper, heights 2 1/4" and 2 3/4". Fontmaure, France. Legal surface finds. Both on exquisite jasper flakes in excellent condition. Dating to approximately 80,000-50,000 BCE.
Lovely example of a Clactonian scraper from Reculver Cliffs, Kent, England. Flint, excellent condition with a lovely, soft sea patina. Height 2 1/4". Excellent ergonomic design. Dates to approximately 450,000-350,000 BCE.
Neolithic blade core, used as a hammer stone, Height 3 7/8". From an old German collection. Flint, excellent condition. Beautifully sculptural blade core. The upper end as the core appears in the photo was used as a hammer stone. This was an auction purchase as part of an old German collection, no dates or find location information was furnished. Probably originally from Germany or Denmark. 7500-4000 BCE.
Neanderthal biface axe/scraper. Flint, height 2 5/8". Grand-Pressigny, France. Legal surface find. Excellent condition. Beautiful small multi-edged scraper. All edges are functional tools on this lithc, so that despite its small size it is comprised of a convex scraper, two straight scrapers, a nosed end scraper and a burin-like point. Excellent ergonomics for a small hand, suggesting that this might have been a child's tool. Dates to approximately 50,000 BCE.
3 Neanderthal flake tools, jasper, heights between 2 1/8" and 2 3/4". Excellent condition, no damage, legal surface finds. 3 fabulous examples of Neanderthal flake tools on flakes less than 1/4" thick. We would be delighted to send lateral photos if desired. Beautiful examples of Fontmaure jasper. Each flake has been reworked into a multi-tool which could serve a number of purposes. Dating to approximately 50,000 BCE.
2 late Neolithic or mid bronze age hammer stones. Flint, heights 2 1/2" and 2 3/8". From a mid bronze age site at Great Barton, UK. Legal surface find. Both of these hammer stones exhibit extensive use, and are in excellent condition. Uncertain as to dates on these, most likely later Neolithic, 2500-1500 BCE.
ONE OF THE WORLDS TEN LARGEST INTACT SLICES OF RAINBOW PETRIFIED WOOD EXTANT!
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This is an absolutely amazing, single intact specimen (90 inches x 64 inches) of the now rare Arizona Rainbow Petrified wood which is 218 million years old! The colors are a brilliant red interlaced with black, while and some yellows...
Genuine Dinosaur Egg Fossil - Hadrosaur
This fossilised dinosaur egg is from the Hadrosaur species, dating to the late Cretaceous Period (c...