Antique silver-gilt and filigree (Chandi Tarakasi) Indian Royal ceremonial scepter mace (chob), 18th century, Mughal India.
The mace is composed of many separate elements of silver, including a spherical gilt silver head (hollow inside) covered by intricate lattice filigree work decorated with garland and flowers enclosed at the bottom and the top by gilded silver rosettes and surmounted at the top with a gilt silver bulbous finial (hollow inside).
The baluster shape handle is made of hollow gilt silver, wrapped with intricate lattice filigree work, decorated with a floral pattern, en suite with the head covered with gilt silver rosette, topped by hollowed gilt silver oval collar within lattice filigree work.
The base of the handle ends with a button shaped pommel.
All these parts are connected by a central silver rod screwed into the top of the finial.
The ceremonial mace played a key role in ceremonies as a symbol of power, authority, and military prowess, often appearing in 17th-18th century Indian miniature paintings depicting court scenes of the grand Mughal and Maharaja's Court. These paintings of the Mughal court reveal that the ceremonial maces-scepters (chob) were made in many different forms and of various luxurious materials.
Due to their unique purpose, such regalia were always custom-made in single pieces for a particular ruler.
Few of them have survived to our days, and only a few are known; this piece is a rare surviving example.
This elaborate, gilded, silver filigree mace is probably the work of a Muslim silversmith in Karimnagar, Deccan.
REFERENCES: The shape of this mace is comparable to the Indian Mughal (ca. 1600 A.D.) ceremonial wooden mace overlaid with a mother of pearl from the Victoria & Albert Museum, London collection.
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Overall length: 25 cm (9.8 inches)
Width of the head: 8.5 cm (3.4 inches)
WEIGHT: 223 grams (7.87 ounces)
CONDITION: Shows age and usage. In very good original, untouched condition, for an over 200 years old silver filigree scepter. There is a small lattice area missing on the handle and collar. No repair or restoration.