17th Century Sino Tibetan Iron Silver & Gold Inlaid Censer with Goldfish & Bat
It is 3.5 inches (8.9 cm) tall by 10.6 inches (27 cm) wide. It is 1,768 gram.
It has oxidation, rust, tarnished metal, loss of silver, one panel is missing a nail and loose, missing nails, small chips at the panels, missing pieces, firing holes, small gaps, and surface wears and scratches.
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This type of metal work was produced in exceedingly high quality and vast number in Tibet as early as the 14th and 15th century. Iron is one of the five treasures of Tibetan Buddhism, amongst gold, silver, copper and brass. Hence it is not surprising that the Tibetans made so many pieces of lowly iron and lavishly decorated them with gold and silver.
The unique technology has been known as"damascening" to Europeans, but called "Derge" in China, the name of the town through which the metalwork was brought to the China-proper. Different from the common inlaid-works, "Derge" works have their surface of the wrought iron abraded and then gold and/or silver beaten on in the pattern of decoration desired. Known pieces with Chinese reign-marks usually bear the Yongle, Xuande, and Qianlong marks. Qianlong emperor, especially, commissioned a group of Tibetans to produce vessels and objects of daily use, such as brush pots and plates, besides those for the traditional ceremonial and religious purpose.
Compare a globular jar and cover also from the Wanli period, illustrated by Rose Kerr in Later Chinese Bronzes, London, 1990, p. 55, no. 44, from the Victoria and Albert Museum ref no 108-1876. The revitted ornaments resemble those on this lot. Kerr further suggests such metalwork was produced by armourers due to the rivetting technique used in its assembly.
比較 Rose Kerr 的《中國晚期銅器》中介紹的一球形鐵鑄有蓋器物（英國維多利亞與埃伯特博物館館藏 108-1876）,同是萬歷朝物品，運用及其相似的鑄造鑲錯技術。見書頁55，圖版44，倫敦, 1990。
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