Height: ca. 13,8 cm a. 5,43 inches
Condition: please see picture, video and the links.
Date: Egypt, Late Period, 26th. to 30th. Dyn. c. 664-332 B.C.
Look YouTube full screen: https://youtu.be/BeEpVNsDUfA
Shabti for the Priest Sematauitefnakht
The shabti has a column with an inscription which reads as follows:
sHD Wsir smsw Hm-nTr smA-tAwj-tAj=f-nxt
“Illuminating of Osiris, the elder one, the god’s servant, Sematauitefnakht”
The name Sematauitefnakht “the one who unites the two lands is his strength” is a typical name for the Late period (cf. Ranke, Personennamen, p. 296 no. 13). The epitheton “the one who unites the two lands” refers to the god Horus.
The titles "elder one" and "god's servant" are priestly titles. The god's servants were priests who were permanently responsible for the cult at the temple. The "elder ones" constituted some kind of senate at the temple. For instance, they were resonsible for jurisdiction or the administration of the temple.
- GLEN, J. Shabtis, a private view. Paris: Librairie Cybele, 2002.
- SCHNEIDER, H. D. Shabtis. Leiden: Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, 1997.
- STEWART, H. M. Egyptian shabtis. United Kingdom: Shire Egyptology, 1995.
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