Ancient egyptian fayence shabti for Prince Khaemwaset 13,7cm
Mummiform votive ushabti, faience with details in black, wearing a short wig, curls modeled into the wig, with sidelock (wick of youth) and a small goatee, adorned with a broad usekh collar, holding agricultural implements in each hand, wrist bracelets, seed sack on back, and a column of hieroglyphic inscriptions on front naming “Khaemwaset” as the owner, using the hallowed Khamuas formula.
The Khamuas formula takes its name from the ushabtis of prince Khamuas or Khaemwaset, on whose ushabtis this magical spell appears for the first time. As an antiquarian and magician Khaemwaset is thought to have devised the formula himself in order to facilitate the entry of the deceased into Roset-au (the domain of Osiris), the freedom to move within its boundaries, and the securing of land and workers therein. The full spell, which the owner speaks to the ushabti, usually runs as follows: "May your face be opened so that you see the sun-disk and that you adore the Sun in life. May you be summoned in Roset-au, and circle the mound of Tja-mut, traverse the valley of Upper Roset-au and open the Secret Cavern. May you take place upon your seat which is in Ta-djeser, like the great crew members who are in Re." (H.H. Schneider, Shabtis, Part I, Leiden, 1977, p. 285); the author notes that the formula is "especially composed to raise the owner of the shabti to a higher, divine level, and to make him a citizen, as it were, of the sacred region of Roset-au.”
The Crown Prince was the fourth son of Ramses II, and the second son by his Queen Isetnofret and by far the best known son of Ramses II. His contributions to Egyptian society were remembered for centuries after his death. Khaemweset has been described as "the first Egyptologist" due to his efforts in identifying and restoring historic buildings, tombs and temples.
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