Egyptian Heart Scarab classical chapter 30 B / 20-22 dynasties period.
Condition: look at pictures.
Provenance: Old German collection befor 1983
Background: The heart scarab, which first appears in Dynasty XIII, played an important role in the funerary accessories of the deceased.
Not only was it the medium for magical text, it was also a symbol of self-generation and rebirth.
It provided the deceased wearer with the assurance that at the final judgment he would be found "true of voice" and accepted into the eternal afterlife under the rule of the god Osiris.
This heart scarab part bear of what is known as Chapter 30B from the Book of the Dead; a prayer to the heart of Isis, who was the mother of the deceased, not to bear false witness against the deceased when he is being judged before Osiris.
The Book of the Dead also instructs that the heart scarab be made of the nemhef-stone, which has been identified as green jasper, serpentine, or basalt, and be set in a gold chase suspended from the neck.
It appears the stone was chosen not only for its brownnish color, which symbolized life, health, and regeneration but also for its weight. The heart could not weigh more than the feather of Maat, so a heart scarab of just the right heft would work in favor of the deceased.
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