ROMAN BRONZE COIN PENDANT
Constantine I, 307-337 A.D.
Set in sterling silver pendant
Height: 3 cm
Found in Jerusalem, Israel
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Constantine the Great (Latin: Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus) Was a Roman Emperor from 306 to 337 AD. Constantine was the son of Flavius Valerius Constantius, a Roman Army officer, and his mother Helena.
His father became Caesar, the deputy emperor in the west, in 293 AD. Constantine was sent east, where he rose through the ranks to become a military tribune under the emperors Diocletian and Galerius.
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, built on his orders at the purported site of Jesus' tomb in Jerusalem, became the holiest place in Christendom. The Papal claim to temporal power in the High Middle Ages was based on the supposed Donation of Constantine. He is venerated as a saint by Eastern Orthodox and Byzantine Catholics. Though Constantine has historically often been referred to as the "First Christian Emperor" (and indeed he heavily promoted the Christian Church), scholars debate his actual beliefs or even his actual comprehension of the Christian faith itself (he was not even baptized until just before his death)
He built a new imperial residence at Byzantium and renamed the city Constantinople after himself.
His main language was Latin, and during his public speeches he needed Greek translators.