TITLE: Goddess Maat
CULTURE: Ancient Egypt
PERIOD: Late Period, 664 - 323 BC
DIMENSIONS: Height 5.8 cm.
PRICE: 3,000 euros
PROVENANCE: Private collection, France. Acquired at auction in Aubagne, France, Lot 132, on 19 June 1983. Earlier in a French collection, before 1980.
CONDITIONS: Good condition, missing plume of goddess Maat would take over his head made of another material, probably gold.
Maat is represented as seated, her legs drawn up before her, and dressed in an enveloping robe. Take the tripartite wig and headband around his parietal region.
This statuette may represent the goddess Maat, who was the embodiment of cosmic order in Egyptian thought. Maat did not have a large cult of her own, but instead was often presented as an offering to other gods.
The technique of lost wax casting is a sculptural procedure using a mould made from a prototype of the piece to be worked, and this prototype is usually made from beeswax. This is covered with a thick layer of soft material, usually clay, which then solidifies. Once this has hardened it is put in a kiln where the wax inside melts and leaks out from expressly made holes in the clay. In its place molten metal is injected and this takes on the exact form of the mould. To remove the final piece the mould must be removed.