This early 20th century Chinese jade (nephrite) carving of three goats is 3” high, 4 ¼” long and 1 ¾” in depth. It depicts three long horned goats climbing on a mountain surrounded by pine trees. This is a very popular image called “San Yang Kai Tai”. The I-Ching (Book of Changes) goes to great lengths to describe “Yin” and “Yang”. “Yin” is represented by the moon (female or negative); it is the opposite of “Yang” (male or positive) which is represented by the sun. The change of seasons from winter to spring is thought to reflect a waning of Yin and a resurgence of Yang. The Chinese pronunciation of goat or sheep is “Yang.” This gives the word “goat” another connotation which is shown in pictures, paintings or carvings. The I-Ching states that November, December and January are the coldest months before spring. It says these three months are called “three Yang.” Not only are these three months cold, the day light hours of these months are quite short. As they become longer and longer, it means spring is coming. November is the first Yang (Yi Yang, the first goat), December is the second Yang (Er Yang, the second goat) and finally, January is the third Yang (San Yang, the third goat) which brings spring back to earth. The carving is in great condition.