Nuo mask of Kaishan, He who "Opens the mountain", clears it; God of mountains with a terrifying face (horns, fangs) who leads the procession during the ceremony organised for the clearing of a new field or building of a new rice field; his fierce face is intended to repulse the bad spirits (and the dangerous wild animals?).
Very old and heavy hardwood mask; 2 fangs and 2 growing horns, tongue, big bulging eyes and big nose; traces of old pigments, very good condition (1 crack on the back); beautiful patina. 24x16 cms. 18th C. Sichuan, Tujia? NM 40,47,56,80-83; RM 143,149,154; MC 32,101, (see bibliography)