c. 1st-2nd Century A.D.
A Roman cast bronze incense shovel, also called a batillum. Composed of a rectangular bowl with shallow sides and a handle in the form of a Corinthian column with capital. Natural patina present. Similar examples can be found in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. In excellent and original condition.
12.67 x 4.72 inches (32.2 x 12 cms)
Custom stand, shipping and Certificate of Authenticity included in price.
Export Approval from Israel Antiquities Authority.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Mark A. Chancey, “Greco-Roman Culture and the Galilee of Jesus”, (Cambridge University Press, 2005)
J. Goodnick Westenholz ed., "Three Faces of Monotheism", (Jerusalem, 2007)
Incense shovels were common throughout the Roman Empire as they were an essential part of rituals used in many of the religions of the empire. While we know that incense was a large part of cultic practices many examples of these shovels have been found throughout the Eastern Meditteranian outside of religious settings such as in tombs, houses and refuse pits. This therefore suggests that such shovels may have served other functions such as funerary objects or simply as utilitarian objects for household use.