A CANAANITE TELL EL-YAHUDIYEH WARE TERRACOTTA JUGLET
Please refer to our stock # P.120 when inquiring.
Middle Bronze Age II; c . 1750-1650 BCE
Composed of a piriform body tapering to a knob base. The neck cylindrical and terminating in an everted rim with a handle attached from just below the rim of the vessel to the shoulder. The juglet is finished with a burnished, red slip, characteristic of Canaanite pottery in the Middle Bronze Age. It is then decorated with a series of vertical punctured lines between two bands on the body of the vessel. These punctures were then filled with chalk for contrast, some of which still remains on this example.
12 x 8 cm (4.72 x 3.15 inches)
In excellent and original condition.
Worldwide Shipping and Certificate of Authenticity Included in Price.
Export Approval from Israel Antiquities Authority.
Jonathan Tubb, “Canaanites”, (London, The British Museum Press, 1998).
Ruth, Amiran, “Ancient Pottery of the Holy Land”, (Rutgers University, 1970), p. 118-121, pl. 36.
Tell el-Yahudiyeh (Arabic: "the mound of the Jews", variants: Tell el-Yehudiyeh, Tell el-Yahudiya) is an important archaeological site in the eastern Delta region of Egypt.
Vessels of this type were first identified by the excavator Sir Flinders Petrie at the site of Tell el-Yahudiyeh in Egypt, hence the name still used for the ware. It is now clear, however, that they were manufactured by Canaanites as containers for luxury items such as perfumed oils. Mostly juglets, they are generally covered with a very dark brown, almost black, burnished slip. The decoration is incised and punctuated, and the resulting lines and holes are filled with white chalk to contrast with the vessel's surface. That this example's slip is red and yet contains the characteristic punctures suggests that it may not have been produced by a craftsman who specialized in Tell El-Yahudiyeh Ware but by a more generalized potter as the red burnished slip found on this vessel is characteristic of other MBII juglets of the Holy Land.
Tell el-Yahudiyeh ware is widely found in Egypt and Canaan. Such interconnections between the two areas reflect the fact that Egypt was again strong politically and economically. After a period of instability (the First Intermediate Period), Egypt was reunified around 2000 BC with the start of the Middle Kingdom (about 2040-1750 BCE). With a strong, centralized administration, trade routes could be re-opened. This encouraged a return to urban life in Canaan, and renewed demand for luxury products such as the perfumed oils transported in these jars.
This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord: “Go down to the potter’s house, and there I will give you my message.” So I went down to the potter’s house, and I saw him working at the wheel. But the pot he was shaping from the clay was marred in his hands; so the potter formed it into another pot, shaping it as seemed best to him. (Jeremiah 18 : 1-4)