A HYKSOS PERIOD STEATITE SCARAB WITH LION AND CAPTIVE
Please refer to our stock # scarab6 when inquiring.
Second Intermediate Period, Fifteenth Dynasty (c. 1650-1550 BCE)
The obverse carved in the form of a stylized scarab beetle with the reverse depicting a roaring lion to the left with a bound captive to the right and hieroglyphs in the field. Like most examples of this period and type the image on the reverse has been deeply incised.
In fine condition with very clear reverse.
16 x 12 mm
Worldwide Shipping and Certificate of Authenticity Included in Price.
Export Approval from the Israel Antiquities Authority.
Daphna Ben-Tor, “The Scarab: A Reflection of Ancient Egypt” (Jerusalem:1993) pg. 28-33; cat. 27
The “Hyksos” as they are now known were most likely Canaanites, or a group of mixed-Asiatic peoples, who had entered Egypt in the twelfth dynasty and ultimately came to rule. The term “Hyksos” is in fact a Greek corruption of “hekau khasut” which means “chieftains of a foreign land”.
It is most likely that the lion carved on this example represents the king. This is further supported by the fact that the lion is shown overseeing a subdued captive, a iconographic position generally reserved for kings or gods.