Chinese Neolithic Qijia Culture Cord-Impressed Jar
This jar was made some 4,000 years ago by peoples of the Neolithic Qijia Culture (c. 2050 - 1700 BC), from what is now eastern Gansu province. They produced a variety of pottery vessels including cord-impressed pottery of many shapes and sizes. This is a particular nice example of good form. It is made from a coarse gritty clay and has a wide flaring mouth. The main surface of the body is decorated with cord impressions that have been repeatedly pressed into the surface whilst the clay was still soft, prior to firing. The surface colour varies and in places are what appear to be carbon deposits suggesting this was a cooking vessel that stood in a fire.
Unusually, to the flat base is an incised "X", clearly made whilst the clay was still soft.
Height 13.75 cm (5.5 inches). This jar is much more highly-fired and, therefore, more durable, than most, and although there are couple of shallow surface chips to the rim edge, it is free from any repair or restoration; a very good example of its type.
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