Chinese Neolithic Painted Pottery Jar - Machang (c. 2300 - 2000 BC)
This twin-handled pottery jar was made over 4,000 years ago during the Machang Phase (c. 2300 - 2000 BC) of the Majiayao culture, also known as the Gansu-Yangshao culture, from present day Gansu or Qinghai province. It is quite thin-walled and relatively highly-fired. The inside of the mouth and the upper body have been coated in a reddish-brown wash on top of which have been painted geometric patterns in a dark fired-on mineral-based pigment. Interestingly, the red wash was not applied to the body under the handles.
Height 10 cm (4 inches), diameter 11.5 cm (4.5 inches). Insignificant small chip to the edge of one handle and there are faint signs of two small repaired chips to the vulnerable rim edge but still a fine example.
Examples of pottery of this type with its distinctive red wash below the painted design, have been excavated from Liuwan village, Ledu county in Qinghai province and date to the middle of the Machang period.
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