Large Chinese Neolithic Machang Pottery Jar (c. 2300 - 2000 BC)
This large pottery jar was made over 4,000 years ago during the Machang phase (c. 2300 - 2000 BC) of the Majiayao culture, also known as the Gansu-Yangshao culture, from present day Gansu or Qinghai province. It is heavily-potted, made from a pale yellowish-brown pottery and quite highly-fired. It has a wide flared mouth and on opposing sides just below its waist are two sturdy loop handles. Although perhaps not immediately obvious, the upper body has been coated in a thin reddish-brown wash. On top of this wash, in fired-on mineral-based pigment, is the decoration featuring four roundels, containing two different geometric patterns. In places on the surface, particularly to the lower body, are areas of "calcified" deposits from its long burial.
A very interesting feature of this particular jar are the woven basket impressions to the flat base, clearly formed during construction of the jar whilst the clay was still soft.
Height 30.5 cm (12 inches). Diameter 29.5 cm (11.5 inches). This jar is in exceptional condition; although there is a small chip to the upper surface of the flared rim, this jar is free from any repair or restoration.
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