Large Chinese Neolithic Machang Painted Pottery Jar (c. 2300 - 2000 BC)
This large pottery jar was made over 4,000 years ago during the Machang Phase (c. 2300 - 2000 BC) of the Majiayao culture, also known as the Gansu-Yangshao culture, from present day Gansu or Qinghai province. It is made from a relatively highly-fired pale yellowish-brown pottery, the colour of which varies in places due to uneven conditions in the Neolithic kiln. It is a well-made jar of fine form and good proportions. At the waist of its wide body are two sturdy loop handles. At the top of its wide body is quite a narrow neck with a flared mouth. The upper body and inner mouth have been decorated in a striking and unusual geometric pattern with a dark fired-on mineral-based pigment.
The flat base has faint woven impressions showing that it stood on a basket during construction whilst the clay was still soft. In places on the surface are the marks left by ancient calcified growths during its long burial.
Height 30 cm, diameter 28 cm. Although part of the neck and mouth have been restored, overall condition is very good; a very nice example.
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