LARGE Chinese Neolithic Machang Phase Painted Pottery Jar with Oxford TL Test (c. 2300 - 2000 BC)
This exceptionally large and impressive pottery jar was made over 4,000 years ago during the Machang Phase (c. 2300 - 2000 BC) of the Majiayao culture, also known as the Gansu-Yangshao culture, from present day Gansu or Qinghai province. It is made from a fairly high-fired red pottery, the surface colour of which varies in places due to uneven conditions in the Neolithic kiln during manufacture. It is of fine form with its very wide round body tapering down to quite a small flat base. On opposing sides, just below its waist, are two sturdy loop handles. At its top is a wide flared mouth. The upper body, and inside mouth, have been extensively decorated with black and purple fired-on mineral-based pigments, in a pattern featuring four large roundels containing cross-hatching.
As with many of our finer pieces, we have had this jar tested by Oxford Authentications, the ONLY testers of ancient pottery accepted by all major dealers, auction rooms and museums worldwide, with a result of a date of manufacture of "between 2,900 and 4,500 years ago". We show a scan of the Thermoluminescence Analysis Report test certificate that will accompany this jar.
This is an unusually large example with a height of 42.5 cm (16.75 inches) and diameter of 45 cm (17.5 inches). As should realistically be expected for a pottery object of this great age and size, there are signs of repair to the body and part of the rim has been restored. However, all repairs have been performed to a high standard and in no way detract from the imposing nature of this exceptional example of the art of the Chinese Neolithic potter.
This jar is available to view at our Brighton gallery.
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