Large Chinese Yuan Dynasty Blue & White Jar with Oxford TL Test
Rarely offered for sale, this large early "blue & white" jar was made during the Yuan Dynasty (AD 1279 - 1368). It has a wide body as well as a wide mouth. Around the shoulder, painted in underglaze cobalt blue, are three stylised Dogs of Fo and beribboned spiralling objects. Below this the body is decorated with scrolling floral and leaf patterns with a band of large lotus leaves toward the base. The colour of the underglaze blue does vary and towards the base of the jar where the glaze is at its thinnest, it has fired more black than blue.
Early underglazed jars such as this are not widely documented and have been unknown in the West until relatively recently. Some people have suggested they are Vietnamese but in fact they were made in China at one of the kilns at Yuxi in Yunnan province, one of the earliest places in the world where ceramics decorated in underglaze blue were produced.
Height 34 cm (13.25 inches). It is in fine condition with no restoration or repair although there are some firing faults. To the rim is a firing fault that appears to have occurred during the biscuit firing, as it seems that some attempt was made to fill in the gap with an excess of cobalt blue glaze! In places the glaze has a slight "orange peel" effect and there are a couple of other minor kiln scars to the surface.
This fine jar comes with a Thermoluminescence Analysis Report from 2001 from Oxford Authentication Ltd., the only testers of ancient pottery accepted by all major dealers, auction houses and museums worldwide. This confirms the date of manufacture as "between 500 and 800 years ago".
This jar, as with all our items for sale, is available for inspection at our Brighton gallery.
For information: this jar is part of a modest yet very interesting private English collection of Chinese antiquities acquired during the 1990s that we recently acquired.
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