Large Chinese Neolithic Machang Phase Painted Pottery Jar - Liuwan Type
This large pottery jar was made over 4,000 years ago during the Machang Phase (c. 2300 - 2000 BC) of the Majiayao culture, also known as the Gansu-Yangshao culture, from present day Gansu or Qinghai province. It is relatively highly-fired and made from a pale yellowish-brown pottery. It has an unusually small neck compared to its large body size. As usual with this type of large Machang jar, on opposing sides just below its waist are two sturdy loop handles. The smooth burnished upper body, as well as the inside of the mouth, has been coated in a brown wash on top of which, in a fired-on mineral-based pigment, is a decorative pattern featuring four roundels, each containing geometric patterns. To the undecorated lower surface in places are the tracks made by ancient crystalline growths from its long burial.
Height 34.5 cm (13.5 inches), diameter 32 cm (12.5 inches). This jar is in very good condition; although there are chips under the rim edge and to the side of one handle, this jar is free from any restoration or repair.
Many examples of pottery of this type with its distinctive reddish-brown wash below the painted design, have been excavated from Liuwan village, Ledu county in Qinghai province and date to the middle of the Machang period.
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