Early 19th century framed and glazed Japanese scroll painting in ink and colors on silk of Buddha Shakyamuni seated under a canopy on a lotus throne, his right hand in shuni (“seal of patience”) mudra, his left hand in his lap, palm up in meditation position. He is surrounded by a huge retinue that includes protector demons, dharmapalas, Boddhisattvas standing and mounted on an elephant and a Buddhist lion, arhats, King of Hell with demon and human attendants. Superb quality precise painting, whitish vertical lines visible on the right side of images are reflections from photography, beautiful brocade mounts, paper mat, in perfect condition. Unusual glazing on both sides allows to see the back of the painting with calligraphy in ink on paper. Text is Hannya Shingyo - the Heart Sutra, so called because it represents the heart of the great wisdom. It was written between 1st and 6th century A.D, is certainly the most well known of the sutras and is chanted several times daily in every Zen Buddhist monastery. It is the teaching that Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara gives to Shariputra about the emptiness of every being and every object, because none of these possess a fixed or substantial character, everything is impermanent and exists in interdependence, not in isolation. Some original staining of the back from oils used for pigments on the painting side. The calligraphy side is signed in Japanese DRAWN BY FUJIHI CHOBI and dated with 2 years - 1817 and 1819. Painting size 22 x 7.5 inches, frame size 30 x 12 inches.