Splendid Mixtec pottery rattle, incensario, censer, Mexico ca. 1200 - 1400. Rounded bowl supported on rounded tripod legs, one in the form of an elderly man, the head with pierced eyes jutting forward, wearing a loin cloth, and ear ornaments. Painted in reddish brown and orange with traces of blue and white pigment. A few fissures as seen in photos, otherwise in very good condition. Mexico, 1200-1400 CE. 7 inches high, diameter of bowl 6 1/2". Ex: Sotheby's New York. In pre-Columbian times, the Mixtec were one of the major civilizations of Mesoamerica. Important ancient centers of the Mixtec include the ancient capital of Tilantongo, as well as the sites of Achiutla, Cuilapan, Huajuapan, Mitla, Tlaxiaco, Tututepec, Juxtlahuaca, and Yucuñudahui. The Mixtec also made major constructions at the ancient city of Monte Albán (which had originated as a Zapotec city before the Mixtec gained control of it). The work of Mixtec artisans who produced work in stone, wood, and metal were well regarded throughout ancient Mesoamerica.