Rare Miniature Hellenistic Bronze Erotic Nude Dwarf, Greece, 1st Century BCE. male of abnormally small stature suffering from cretinism causing deformation of features, limbs, and appendages. Holding an amphora in left hand and right is misshapen. Incised features with short curly hair. Hellenistic circa 1st Century BCE. 2" high. Ex: Christie's New York. The Hellenistic period or Hellenistic civilization is the period of ancient Greek history between the death of Macedonian king Alexander the Great in 323 BCE and the emergence of ancient Rome. During this time, Greek cultural influence and power was at its zenith in Europe and Asia, experiencing prosperity and progress in the arts, exploration, literature, theater, architecture, music, mathematics, philosophy and science. It is often considered a period of transition, sometimes even of decadence or degeneration compared to the brilliance of the Greek Classical era.