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Jizhou Tea Bowl of Southern Song - Ex National Palace Museum Taiwan

Jizhou Tea Bowl of Southern Song - Ex National Palace Museum Taiwan

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Directory: Antiques: Regional Art: Asian: Chinese: Stoneware: Pre 1800: Item # 1487807

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Jizhou Tortoise Tenmoku tea bowl of Southern Song (around 13th century) with paper-cut Phoenix design. It was once part of the Taiwan National Palace Museum.

This fine Jizhou tea bowl comes with the original storage box of the Museum. The official seal of the Supervisory Committee of the National Palace Museum of Taiwan is on the box.

The Jizhou region located in central Jiangsi province produced its best known wares during Southern Song (1127-1279). This was a technically creative period when Jizhou kilns introduced and pioneered new techniques of decoration including tortoiseshell glazes as well as paper cut, glaze resist and naturalistic leaf designs. Called tai mei wen in Song literature, tortoiseshell refers to the shell of the hawksbill sea turtle from which the Chinese made a variety of decorative items. The glaze was apparently made by splashing wood or bamboo ash, probably as an admixture of slip, on the surface of the dark glaze before firing. Light-toned splashes formed in those areas receiving the ash.

Stoneware that was made in this time and place shares common design characteristics such as dark glaze and decorative interiors. Infact, Jiangxi Province is probably the richest area for both china stone (cishi or baidunzi) and the kaolinic white-firing clays.

This piece was decoratively glazed using slips of paper to preserve a phoenix design on the inside.

The technique of using paper cut-outs as stencils to create resist designs was one of the innovative decorative techniques employed at the Jizhou kilns in Jiangxi province.

For a discussion of the processes involved in producing these designs, see R. D. Mowry, Hare's Fur, Tortoiseshell, and Partridge Feathers: Chinese Brown-and Black Glazed Ceramics, 400-1400, Cambridge, 1996, pp. 36-8. Mowry illustrates, ibid., pp. 248-9, no. 100.

Good antique condition with no chips, cracks or repairs.

Size: 6.6 cm high x 15,4 cm in diameter.

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