This type of bronze weapon is generally designated as a short sword. It has a substantial midrib with tapering edges. The edges are concave in the upper part and gracefully draw into spikes or wings that extend around either side of the tang. Weapons of this type are found in Northwestern Iran and most likely date to around the 9th century BC. “Weapons of this type [are] widely represented in the Ghaletenti I cemetery in Dailiman.” (“Arms and Armor from Iran” by Manouchehr M. Khorasani, p.61, figure 26)
This piece is in excellent condition with only minor nicks along the edges. The tang is intact and complete. There are losses to the ends of both wings. There are no signs of repair or restoration. There is a visible line in the patina in roughly the upper third of the weapon that at first glance may appear to be a repair. The patina in the area above this line is noticeably different than the patina below the line. Microscopic examination of this area suggests that the line represents the transition from the hilt to the blade. The hilt was most likely either wrapped or had some sort of overlay in antiquity that has long since decomposed. Other examples of this type sword all seem to have the exact same characteristic.
A nearly identical specimen was in the collection of the late Axel Guttmann and can be seen in “The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, Part 2”, Christies South Kensington auction catalog p.40, lot 40.
The total length of this piece is 49.8 cm and the total weight is 407 grams. Please see the micrographs in the enlargements.