Atelier of Antoine Louis Barye (French,1796-1875)
Biche Couchée (Recumbent Doe)
Bronze mounted on a marble base
Signed "Barye" and stamped: "France" (after 1890)
Bronze 6" x 2.25" (not including the base)
Barye began at an early age as an engraver of military equipment, later learning how to mold reliefs from his master Biennais. He turned to sculpture in 1817 an worked in the studios of Bosio and Gros and was influenced by the paintings of Géricault. Barye studied ancient sculpture at the Louvre and the animals at the Jardin des Plantes, initially creating small animal figures cast as jewelry or as ornaments on silver and gold tableware.
Barye exhibited at the Paris Salon from 1827 onwards, making his debut with portrait busts. In 1831, his bronze “Tiger Devouring a Gavial” marked the turning point in his career. Although he continued to model figures, it was his focus on groups of animals for which he is best known and established him as the father of the Animalier School. In a career spanning half a century he had a prodigious output of bronzes covering every aspect of animal life, from the domestic to the exotic, imbued with a realism and naturalism and a meticulous attention to anatomical detail.
Mackay, James. "The Dictionary of Western Sculptors in Bronze"