a nice mossi biga from an old german collection
21cm brought back in the 60ties by beno haffner first ambassador of common market for durable development in africa biiga "means in Mooré, the language of the Mossi," child "in the sense of an" individual who has not reached the physiological maturity "or" descendant ".
The Biga is treated like a child doll by little girls. These figurines reproduce on a small scale a woman, in the guise of a girl through the hair and abdominal scarifications, but also a wife and a breastfeeding mother through the representation of breasts that are never straight but rather pendants. These figures are therefore as much a representation of the child as of the woman to come.
Although the biiga are women, the children give them a name of boy or girl, dress them, wash them, feed them, wear them on the back, make them jump on their legs ... like a real baby.
Sometimes offered by one of the parents, the biiga, then carefully preserved, is taken by the bride to her husband because it is considered a stimulant to pregnancy. If the pregnancy does not happen, the sterile wife will acquire another as a support for fertile forces.
According to Suzanne Lallemand, the biiga - as a double protector of the baby - receives first aid: once the umbilical cord is cut, the newborn's toilet passes after that of the child of wood, as well as the butter massage. shea. The figure is then lying next to the mother before placing her infant. As for the first drop of breast milk, it is reserved for the statuette before the child heads his mother. Later the statuette will be worn one last time in the back.