Part of early ignition for Cultural Revolution movement was the introduction of newly revised and politically motivated Peking Opera. Total of 8 most famous Peking Opera were created under Madam Mao, also known as Jing Qing’s direction. Mao’s evaluation of good vs. bad Peking Opera is whether Peking Opera serves socialism or capitalism. Does it serve the workers, peasants and soldiers or oppose them; does it take the road of Marxism-Leninism or the road of revisionism? Jing Qing embarked on her self-appointed task of revolutionizing the Chinese stage. A native Shanghainese, Jing Qing gathered a group of Shanghai party (later known as the Gang of Four) and started the creation and campaigning for these new Peking Operas.
This Color Ceramics is a scene from figure is from the Opera The White Haired Woman which won the Stalin Prize Opera in 1951. This opera drama is about the communist resistance to Japanese imperialism and the class struggle. This particular sculpture depicts the Communist Guerrilla Soldier Da Chun rescuing the Bai Mao Nu, known as the White Hair lady. White Hair Lady used be a childhood friend of Da Chun. Her family was very poor, one Chinese Lunar New Year Eve, her father was killed by the horrible landowner, who accused her father for not able to pay a debt. They wanted to capture the White Hair Lady, who at the time had jet-black hair, and wanted her to be a slave in exchange for her father’s debt. She ran away to the forest and became a White Hair Lady. Her childhood friend Da Chun subsequently joined the Guerrilla Soldiers, and led the Communist Soldiers to his village and killed the bad landowner, and rescued White Hair Lady. This sculpture depicts the finale scene where Da Chun and White Hair Lady are united.